When it comes to the production of our products, we focus on highest, most state-of-the-art standards and techniques, respectful use of natural resources and the environment, and regional, fair production in a suitable working atmosphere.

These 3 pillars form the basis for stable quality assurance, innovative strength and social responsibility towards employees, customers and the environment.

Considerate use of natural resources and the environment

In order to spin yarn, the first step requires natural or synthetic raw fibers. These fibers can come from animals (often sheep’s and goat’s wool) and plants (mostly cotton), or they can be made from polymers and inorganic materials, which result in well-known fabrics such as polyester and polyamide.


But how are yarns made from the pure raw material? 

Spun fiber yarns are prepared for yarn production by opening the fiber bales, mixing and then cleaning the individual fibers. Only then does the drawing into a yarn begin. Various spinning systems are used depending on the intended use of the yarn: Ring spinning is mostly used for staple fiber yarns. For filaments, melt spinning, dry spinning or wet spinning is used. But a yarn is far from finished, as many other production steps are involved in the process, such as finishing.

The four classic steps of finishing

Textile finishing aims to bring out both external and functional features of the raw textiles. Normally, finishing involves 4 classic steps: Pre-treatment, coloring, finishing and coating.

In textile pre-treatment, the yarn is once again thoroughly cleaned and freed from any impurities. Pre-treatment serves to increase dye absorption and prepares the fabric for the further finishing steps. Subsequently, the yarn is given the necessary character by means of dyeing and textile printing. The dyeing process is based on chemical and physical equilibrium processes to create a chemical reaction in the fabric. This process provides an even distribution of color, especially for monochrome fabrics. In textile printing, so-called printing ink is distributed and fixed on the yarn. The second to last step of textile refinement is finishing.

A distinction is made between mechanical, thermal and chemical finishing processes. The aim of all these processes is to give the product a certain functionality: special shine, stability, flame protection, and antibacterial or water-repellent properties. The final step of the process is the coating. One of these processes is known as lamination, in which a textile substrate is bonded to a membrane or polymer film. Another exciting process is flame laminating. Here, the top layer of the fabric is heated to a high temperature and then consolidated under high pressure.

At the end of the fine and specialized process, our production is ready with a high quality, functional and aesthetic yarn to equip you for your next needlework project.



Our broad portfolio of brands offers you a world of products and inspiration for every skill level. We stock yarns, threads and other materials for every type of needlework and always find an individual solution for you.

Many yarn and wool products from Schachenmayr & REGIA are already OEKO-TEX® certified.

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